OF DYNASTIES AND RECOGNITION
By Kae Matundu-Tjiparuro - October 2010
CHIEFS, Kings, Lords, Manors and Sultans are an integral part of African existence, and a proud African heritage.
Besides the Kingdoms of the Buganda, Ankole and Toro in Uganda, Ogiso ruled the kingdom of Benin between 900 - 1170 AD, Loango in the Republic of Congo, is a kingdom along the west coast of central Africa, just north of Point Noire in Congo Brazzaville, once the ancient kingdom of Kush, Nubia is the stretch of land next to the Nile from Aswan down to Khartoum in the south, the list continues.
One cannot write about the history of Ghana without mentioning the Asante people and their kingdom. In Botswana, the Bamangwato dynasty, with heirs to the throne like the late Sir Seretse Khama, and the incumbent President, Seretse Khama Ian Khama, immediately springs to mind.
Likewise, Namibia had and still has its own kingdoms and dynasties, some of which have officially been accommodated in the structures of governance as per the Council of Traditional Leaders of 1997 and the Traditional Authorities Act of 2000.
Among such dynasties and kingdoms are those of the Ovaherero and Ovambanderu.
These include “Lords”- as they were referred to- such as Katau ua Heuva, Kamanga ua Mutjemo, Tjihuiko ua Kamauano, Kaevarua ua Ruzinga, Hiha ua Tjipion, Munduva ua Kavinde, Kahitjene ua Muhoko, Katjizahere ua Tjipuna, Mungunda ua Kujambera and Tjiramanga ua Kambepo. Despite these “Lords” eminent names such as Tjaimba, Kuaima, Tjirue, Tjimana ua Ndara, Tjozonhongo, Seu also come up historically as among the great names of the royal houses or eminent clans of the Ovaherero and Ovambanderu. Some of these dynasties have been recognised as royal houses in Namibia and codified as such in the Namibian law. Historically, as the Ovaherero and Ovambanderu did not have a single “Lord”, none is known to have been superior to the other or senior.
With the dawn of independence in 1990, and especially following the 1991 Report of the Commission of Enquiry into Matters Relating to Chiefs, Headmen and other Traditional or Tribal Leaders, also known as the Kozonguizi Commission, named after the chairperson of this commission, the late Advocate Jariretundu Kozonguizi, a new landscape for such dynasties was laid down.
“The Commission, having found that the traditional system is not only necessary but also viable, recommended that it be retained within the context of the provisions of the Const...
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